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Deforestation is the process by which rainforests are cut, cleared or destroyed entirely to make way for less bio-diverse ecosystems such as plantations or pastures. Deforestation is usually done through logging, mining and oil or gas extraction. A major environmental concern, many believe that deforestation continued at the current rate will lead to the earth being completely cleared of rainforests in a century. The most dramatic effect of deforestation is the loss of habitat for millions of species, as well as its significant contribution to climate change.

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