A global social movement that seeks equal rights for women in both the public and private spheres. Feminism can be divided into three waves. Th e first wave which emerged in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, notably in the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, focused on de jure (o ffi cial) inequalities, mainly women’s su ff rage and property rights. Second wave feminism became prominent in the 1960s and 1970s and focused on a broader range of issues including sexuality, reproductive rights, the workplace, family, and the media. Th ird-wave feminism refers to feminist activity which began during the early1990s and is continuing till today. Th ird- wave feminists are mainly concerned with sexual harassment, domestic violence, sexual inequalities, and the wage gap.